Salient features of LLP

Salient features of LLP:

A LLP is a new form of legal business entity with limited liability. It is an alternative corporate business vehicle that not only gives the benefi­ts of limited liability at low compliance cost but allows its partners the flexibility of organizing their internal structure as a traditional partnership.

Since LLP contains elements of both ‘a corporate structure’ as well as ‘a partnership fi­rm structure’ LLP is called a hybrid between a company and a partnership.

Salient Features of LLP are as follows:

1.Artificial Legal Person:

A LLP is an arti­ficial legal person because it is created by a legal process and is clothed with all rights of an individual. It can do everything which any natural person can do, except of course that, it cannot be sent to jail, cannot take an oath, cannot marry or get divorce. A LLP is invisible, intangible, immortal.

2.Perpetual Succession:

The LLP can continue its existence irrespective of changes in partners. Death, insanity, retirement or insolvency of partners has no impact on the existence of LLP. It is capable of entering into contracts and holding property in its own name.

3.LLP is a body corporate:

LLP is a body corporate formed and incorporated under this Act and is a legal entity separate from that of its partners and shall have perpetual succession. Therefore, any change in the partners of a LLP shall not affect the existence, rights or liabilities of the LLP

4.Common Seal:

A LLP being an arti­ficial person can act through its partners and designated partners. LLP may have a common seal. It is not mandatory for a LLP to have a common seal. It shall remain under the custody of some responsible official and it shall be aaffixed in the presence of at least 2 designated partners of the LLP.

5.Separate Legal Entity:

The LLP is a separate legal entity, is liable to the full extent of its assets but liability of the partners is limited to their agreed contribution in the LLP. In other words, creditors of LLP shall be the creditors of LLP alone.

6.Minimum and Maximum number of Partners:

Every LLP shall have least two partners and shall also have at least 2 individuals as designated partners, of whom at least one shall be resident in India. There is no maximum limit on the partners in LLP.

7.LLP Agreement:

Mutual rights and duties of the partners within a LLP are governed by an agreement between the partners. The LLP Act, 2008 provides flexibility to partner to devise the agreement as per their choice. In the absence of any such agreement, the mutual rights and duties shall be governed by the provisions of the LLP Act, 2008.


The Central Government shall have powers to investigate the affairs of an LLP by appointment of competence authority for the purpose.

9.Business for Profit Only:

The essential requirement for forming LLP is carrying on a lawful business with a view to earn profi­t. Thus LLP cannot be formed for charitable or non-economic purpose.

10.Conversion into LLP:

A fi­rm, private company or an unlisted public company would be allowed to be converted into LLP in accordance with the provisions of LLP Act, 2008.

11.E-Filling of Documents:

Every form or application of document required to be filing or delivering under the act and rules made thereunder, shall be ­led in computer readable electronic form on its website and authenticated by a partner or designated partner of LLP by the use of electronic or digital signature.

12.Mutual Agency:

No partner is liable on account of the independent or un-authorized actions of other partners, thus individual partners are shielded from joint liability created by another partner’s wrongful business decisions or misconduct. In other words, all partners will be the agents of the LLP alone. No one partner can bind the other partner by his acts.

13.Compromise or Arrangement:

Any compromise or agreements including merger and amalgamation of LLPs shall be in accordance with the provisions of the LLP Act, 2008.

Posted By: Adv. Poonam R. | Posted on: Jun 24, 2020 | Category: Company Law | Tag: mutual agency concept of Perpetual succession Salient features of LLP LLP means a corporate structure LLP means a partnership fi¬rm structure What is the Salient features of LLP Artificial Legal Person Perpetual Succession Common Seal into LLP Separate Legal Entity into LLP Minimum and Maximum number of Partners in LLP LLP Agreement Investigation Business for Profit Only Conversion into LLP Compromise or Arrangement into LLP LLP Act 2008 LLP cannot be formed for charitable or non-economic purpose LLP is invisible LLP is intangible LLP is immortal What is LLP Brief overview about LLP and its Salient Features
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